Category Archives: Turret Lathe

Lathes & Metal Industries : Two Sides of the Same Coin

Lathe machines are very essential in the metal manufacturing industry. The Lathe machine is used in various departments in the metal manufacturing departments to give shape to metals. Vertical lathe machines are used to shape industrial items like automobile spare parts, nuts and bolts or any other metal accessory. Lathe machines are unlimited in their application.
Vertical lathe machines contain several components that are vital in shaping the metal pieces. The components include the head-stock, the tail-stock and a tool set, all mounted on the bed. The raw material to be shaped is placed between the head-stock and the tail-stock and the material is then turned. A shaping tool is pushed against the metal to create a simple or complex shape by controlling the shaping tool.

Different Lathe Machines for Metal Industries

Lathe machines provide for different rotating speeds and contain several features that enable them to be controlled both automatically and manually. There are various types of lathe machines available on the market today and this includes the light duty lathe machines, the medium duty lathe machines, the heavy duty lathe machine and the extra heavy duty lathe machine.
The type of lathe machine to choose from is largely depended on the intended use of the machine. For example, for a metal shaping hobbyist a light duty lathe machine might be sufficient for use but for a metal shaping industry like a metal workshop, an extra heavy duty lathe machine might be more suitable. What differentiates the type of lathe machines in use is the speed, sophistication and the amount of work that each machine specification can accomplish.

yash lath

However, it is important to note that vertical lathes are different from the common lathes in that they are upended. This is whereby, the head-stock sits on the floor while the face-plate turns into a rotating table. The Vertical turning lathe is useful for handling large, heavy and short work pieces.

Applications – Veritical Turning Lathe

There are many uses of the vertical turning lathe tools. The lathe can be used to put a screw thread on a metal bar, put a screw thread inside a hole which is also known as tapping the hole. It can also produce complex components such as cog-wheels, pinions or crown wheels. The lathe can be used to perform tasks that require re-boring of cylinders of engines. The practical uses of the lathe are endless. When using the vertical turning lathe the possibilities of what you can create are compounded since this type of setup enables you to operate with raw materials of more weight.


Modern Lathe Features

Modern lathe machines have been created for efficiency and best functionality in their use. The quality of these machines have however not been disregarded, in fact, the quality is improved. Modern lathe equipment are made with a modular design that allows users to adapt the machine to their requirements. The choices that can be changed in these machines include column heights, ram travels, tables, coolant systems, controls, pallet systems and options such as tool and part probes.

Live spindle attachment along with the 360, 000 position c-axis table will provide machining center flexibility. In addition, the live spindle right angle head enables milling, drilling and tapping on the outside part which will reduce the number of part setups needed for each operation.


The vertical turning lathe machines are developed to meet the metal industry shaping needs and based on the amount and level of work, the light duty, medium duty, heave duty or extra heavy duty vertical lathe machines might be employed to do the job.

Lathe Machines for Woodworking & Metal Shaping Industries

DMTG Flat Bed CNC LatheA lathe is machine tool used in cutting and shaping of metal or wood.

The Types of Lathe Machines

There are different kinds of lathe machines that are sold but based are on their function and technique used to make them .That enables output that is precise and timely.

Turret lathes – They are used for mass production to make duplicate components. The indexed tool holder and the turret make it possible to have several cutting processes on a different tool. It is easy, fast and no setup required in between operations.

Gang-tool lathe -It has tools on a row set on a cross slide that has a long table that is flat characteristic of milling machine. The tools are set and indexed for each cycle of cutting. It is similar to turret lathe but is linear in terms of tool indexing instead of being rotary.

Computer numerical controlled (CNC) lathes-these are precise, accurate and are easily set. They use carbide tooling common in modern operations. The parts are first designed using CAD (computer aided design) and/or manually then fed into the machine memory where it will continue producing the specific parts till the design is changed. The computer numerical controlled (CNC) lathe machine is under the watch of an operator periodically.

Center Lathe –Also known as bench lathe or engine lathe. They have two heads moving towards the fixed work piece position and have holes at their edges.

Multispindle Lathes – These are very precise lathes that are electronically controlled. Their operations are carried out on an electronic spindle that is on a screw lathe machine. Several executions can be done by the spindle and ensures high effectiveness and efficiency toolroom lathe

Toolroom lathes –They are used in toolroom work, a kind of centre lathe with the best features that ensure effective machining to produce quality work output.

It holds and rotates the work piece while a tool bit penetrates the work material and finally creating a cutting effect .Lathe operators must be conversant with lathe operations to achieve repair and new parts fabrication. Lathe machines at can either be manually or automatically operated for the case of computer numerical controlled (CNC) machines. They can be bench mounted or floor mounted depending on their size. Small lathes are bench mounted while large lathes are floor mounted.

Lathes have similar functional parts but the given location and design may differ for each lathe. These components are the bed, a basic foundation of all lathes, a permanent headstock located on the lathe bed that contains the spindle and lubricant, a tailstock that slides on the ways, a fixed steady for support and a spindle that holds the length of the work piece

Lathe Machine2Conclusion: Different types of Lathes are used in different industries to perform machining that involves spinning a metal block before deforming or cutting it. It shapes the work piece that can either be a metal or wood depending on the lathe. Using adjustable metal rails the headstock and tailstock hold the material as it is moved.

Lathe Machine – Different Types of Lathe Machines

All Geared Lathe MachinesA lathe machine or lathe is primarily a machine tool that rapidly revolves the work piece on its axis for carrying out a broad variety of functions that includes shaping, cutting, turning, drilling, sanding, deforming, knurling, boring, polishing, grinding, threading, etc. A fixed cutting or abrading tool is applied on the work piece, which may be made of metal, wood, plastic, etc; and the unwanted material is thereby removed from the work piece in order to produce a symmetrical object. Earlier woodworking lathes were used, however nowadays a variety of metalworking or metal lathes are generally utilized.

A metal lathe mainly comprises of the headstock, tailstock, and bed. They are used for accurately machining and removing relatively hard materials that includes different kinds of metals, from the work piece using a tough cutting tool. This cutting tool is fixed to a solid tool post, and is moved against the work piece using a wheel. It may be manually operated or gear driven, and electrically or electronically controlled. A variety of cutting tools are available in diverse sizes and shapes such as round, square, triangular, diamond, etc.; depending on their application.

Different types of lathe machines are now manufactured and supplied globally that includes the light duty lathe, medium duty lathe, heavy duty lathe, extra heavy duty lathe, all geared lathe, imported lathe, turret lathe, CNC lathe, etc. Each one has special features and performs a specific operation as described further.

Turret Lathe: They have a cylindrical tailstock which spins around a vertical axis, in order to move the various tools towards the work piece, as well as the headstock. It looks very similar to the capstan lathe. However, it is not fixed and just lies right on the bed. The turret is basically an indexed tool holder that permits to quickly, easily and simultaneously perform multiple cutting operations, each with a different cutting tool. Here the operator does not have to install and uninstall the tools or control the tool path. This is because the tool path is controlled by the machine, either by a jig-like mechanism or through a servo mechanism. Turret lathes are commonly utilized for repetitive production of similar parts.

CNC LatheCNC Lathe: Computer numerically controlled or CNC lathes are the latest variety of lathes that are unique and very accurate. They are simple to set and operate, and can rapidly perform monotonous jobs. The object to be produced is pre-designed, and the tool path is pre-programmed either by a CAD/CAM process, or manually by a programmer. The work piece is then loaded on the machine, and set as required. The lathe thereafter continues to automatically manufacture the required product, with intermittent supervision of the machine operator.

A CNC lathe is digitally controlled through the computer menu. The program may be altered as required and displayed on the computer screen, together with a computer generated view of the process. These high speed CNC lathes are very useful for cutting curved shapes and complex forms without using any special shaping tools.

Applications and Uses of Different Types of Lathe Machines

Lathe machines come in different types and each one has its own set of utility. The automatic lathe changes its tool automatically and the need for changing tools is eliminated. The components which lathe manufacturers add have high dimensional accuracy and some of them are useful even in laboratory experiments. The flow of production gets better as the lathe are large and complex machines go a long way towards improving the quality and quantity of production. The automatic lathe manufacturers provide lathe with a single or multi-spindle version and fall into the category of high performance, high-speed lathe which is excellent for mass production.