Machining Technologies that Make Your Life Easier

Yash machine tools is an engineering company involved in the manufacturing and distribution of machine tools and tool room equipments including lathe machines, milling machines, drilling machines, machining centers, grinders, boring machines, planning equipments and many more innovative equipments.

The company is located in the state of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India where operations are managed by a team of highly qualified professionals and design engineers.

The company has a vision to become a market leader in production of quality machine tools and associated tool room equipments there by contributing to the advancement of technology in the metal cutting and forming industry.

Machine Tools

We have a mission to develop a strong clientele based on excellent customer service, advanced technology and quality equipments.  We believe that no organization can prosper without innovation in their processes; therefore we endeavor to develop innovative products that enhance the efficiency of production processes while at the same time being affordable and easy to maintain.

We currently have a goal to tap into regional and international markets, targeting the Asiancontinent, Europe, the Middle East and the emerging markets of the African continent. Machines and equipments manufactured by Yash machine tools are used in industries such as automotive manufacturing, wood work, metal forming, aviation industries, electrical and electronic industries.

Yash machine tools have incorporated “computer aided machine technology, developed as a much simpler way to deal with parts manufacturing. Before computerization of machining process, considerable labor time and effort was used by companies to develop the design code, which was used to command the machine to guide the tool operation. This has helped put the company among the leading tool room equipment manufacturers in the industry.

Advanced Machine Programming and Efficiency

The inclusion of CAM technology among the CNC machines helped enhance efficiency to achieve faster parts production, higher precision and consistency in production of parts.  This technology has been applied in machine tools developed by Yash Machine Tools Company and made these equipments very competitive and highly demanded by industries.

Common Machining Challenges Simplified

  • Size of parts; this is an issue that is at times overlooked, but in real life can pose serious challenge to machining. Parts as small as pin size can hardly be manually machined.Yash Machine tools engineers understand this too well and therefore they have incorporated automated and high precision calibrations during manufacture.
  • Chattering during operation. This is vibration during operation and if allowed to continue will reduce the life of the machine as well as that of the tool. Experiencedengineers recommend that deflection must be kept at zero always, or alter the speed of operation.Use of high quality and rigid equipment has helped in reducing the vibration during operation.

Trends and Technologies in Machining Industry

Some of the most recenttechnological advances in metal cutting technology include;

  • Vibration damping trough advanced tool-holdingtechnologies, which enhances the life of the machine as well as quality of the work piece.
  • Computer aided manufacturing has also been constantly innovated which has increased the range of machining that can be done as well as increase through put and efficiency.
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Innovative Machines for Various Industrial Processes

Folding Machine

The folding machine is mainly used to fold paper which is either done by a knife or a buckle. The buckle works by pushing the paper at a high speed the paper is gripped and moves through the machine thereby been folded. The machine is designed to achieve high output with minimal human input required, thus efficiency is achieved.

folding machine

The knife in the folding machine normally works by placing the paper between two rollers. Since the knife is not usually sharp enough to cut the paper, it just creates creases along the paper where the required folds are. These particular machines are mostly preferred for making maps and other thick paper.

Border Machine

Border Machine

The border machine is used to create borders along a work piece. In some cases, the machine can also be used to put additional decorative materials on a work piece for instance ribbons. The border machine is also used to join several layers of fabrics. The border machine can do continuous straight sewing, zipper installation, production of fabric handles and many other innovative processes. In development, efficiency considerations have been made such as ease of calibration, low maintenance, energy saving, robust and has great workmanship which translates easy operation.

Mini Milling Machine

Mini Milling Machine

The mini milling machine uses a milling cutter to remove the material from the surface of a work piece. The milling machine usually has several cutting points so that the tool will cut the material continuously in an inward and outward manner. As the process goes on the unwanted material or the chips are shoved off from the work piece. Various models have been developed that are efficient and designed to suit your scale of production.

Tube Notcher

Tube Notcher

The tube notcher works by joining light gauge tubes so as to produce similar joints or a tee. This is similar to what happens in welding.  Before the assembly of the products is done, either one or both of the tubes may be notched by the machine. This process is commonly used in the manufacturing of frames for the bicycles.

The machine allows for easy joining and welding of tubs at various angles. It is constructed in innovative design that includes manual, hole saw, abrasive and eccentric mill designs. The tube capacity varies depending on the machine capability and motored abrasive notchers have also been developed.

Drill Bit Grinder

Drill Bit Grinder

This drill bit grinder is used in sharpening milling cutters and is very versatile. It is manufactured with high quality and strength material such as high speed steel, cobalt or carbide to ensure efficient grinding operations. It has a totally enclosed motor, made of hardened and ground slide rails. The housing is made to ensure no dust ingress during grinding.

Portable CNC Cutting Machine

Portable CNC Cutting Machine

This portable CNC cutting machine normally cuts through materials that are electrically conductive. Typical materials that are involved include steel, aluminum, brass and copper. This machine has been used since the 1960’s and is very productive in cutting sheet metal. It is also cleaner and more accurate since there are no metal chips to shove off.

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Different Countries Requirements for Machine Tools

Innovation has been the driving force in machine tools industry, and the market has become highly responsive to new and improved machine designs. Different regions have varying levels of demand for machine tools determined by intended usage.

The Global Outlook

The global outlook of machine tools project an increased demand for machine tools to hit the 180 billion dollars mark. This gain is primarily boosted by the industrial growth in developing nations. The demand in these developing nations and explosive growth in china has been favored by increased demand for durable goods. These have resulted in additional investments in increasing the manufacturing capacity and further spur more demand.

Demand in Europe and Developed Countries

Projected demand in developed countries is attributed to major product upgrades. It is also expected that growth will be spurred by replacements of older model machines with newer ones, which have more features and greater functionality.

machine tools

Developing Nations

In developing regions, the demand for machine tools is being driven by increased demand for hardware goods. Better economic conditions are likely to lead to greater spending on durable goods. This will create a need for suppliers to expand on their existing production, develop new plants and lead to rise in equipment sales.

Research has shown that the Asian nations led by China have the highest consumptions of machine tools followed by the United States of America. Decline in production in the year 2013-2014 was largely caused by over production in the previous year’s, which also caused a sharp decline in the machine prices.


Target Industries

The major consumers of machine tools include large projects such as pipelines, vehicle manufacturers and general engineering. This partly explains the lower demand for these machines in sections of the African continent. However, there is steady demand in southern African countries. Better political and economic stability in other parts of Africa could lead increased demand for machine tools.

Demand In the Gulf Countries

The demand for machine tools is likely to increase significantly in the gulf countries. The most influential economy is the United Arab Emirates including Dubai. This was sparked off by the rapid increase in industries in the region, which has become a major Hub for global trade. Continuous entry of new industries in food production, vehicle manufacturing and other industrial establishment has continuously pushed demand for machine tools. Apart from manufacturing, increased number of learning institutions worldwide has created new demand for these equipments.

Indian Subcontinent

In India alone local manufacturers account for approximately more than 35 % of the Asian demand and the trend is expected to grow till 50%.The increased emphasis on computer controlled machines has enhanced the competitiveness of the equipments in the global market as well.

Asia – Pacific Region

In the Asia pacific region, the economic downturn did not affect the demand for machine tools, which continues to grow. Emerging economies such as Brazil and Russia that are still advancing in defense, aerospace and other high precision industries continue to push up demand.

Tools manufacturers have also resulted in more investment in research and development especially on higher quality tools material to reduce the levels of tool breakages and boost market growth. These tools are coated with materials like titanium carbide, titanium Nitride and aluminium oxide.

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Basic Machine Tools – For New Factory Set Up Needs

Whenever you wish to set a new factory, there are some basic things that you must have. One of them is basic machine tools. Having the right machine tools in your factory is the prime thing to get the right production. Irrespective of the industry, you need some machines in your factory that can produce the products. A machine tool is a machine that is used to give proper shape to the components of other machines so that they can work properly. That mean the no matter what kind of factory you are setting up, you need to choose the right machine tools to get the best component for your production.

 

 Different Types of Machine Tools

 There are different types of machine tools available in the market. You can categorize them on the basis of the size of the components they prepare. They cut, grind, shear and give them the desired shape as per their function in the production process of a certain item. Apart from that, there are categories of machine tools on the basis of their functionalities. There are broaching machines, gear shaper, lathe, hone, screw machines, turret milling machines, drill press and hobbing machines that you may require to set up a new factory.

Choosing the Right One

It is important to choose the right machine tools for your new factory to ensure the best production. It depends on the time of item you would like to produce in your factory. It also depends on the type of development you want to provide through those items. It can be for mechanical or electrical development, and you have to choose the machine tools according to the same. The main job of these tools is to offer the right shape to the metals that you want to use for your production purpose. They generally help you to make various things that you wish to make in your factory.

machine tools

New Era of Technology

With the advent of the technologies, the factory owners prefer to use digital or computerized machine tools in their newly set factories. These tools can ensure more accurate, time-conserving as well as efficient task. You can easily enhance the overall productivity of your factory by having such kind of items. Thus, it is very important to have the modern machine tools with digital display and numerical control. They are better than the mechanical ones where you have to control the machine with human help.

Understanding the Need

In the market, you can get various types of workshop machine tools, and some of them are mentioned above. As the owner of the factory, you need to understand that what type of machine tool will be most beneficial for your business. Sometimes, you may need to have milling machines if you need to machine metal, wood or other solid items. On the other hand, you can have a drill press if you wish to cut holes into wood, metal or any other solid materials. Similarly, you can choose gear shaper, lathe, and hone as per your individual needs.

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Performance Qualification of Turret Milling for Mass Production Centers

The turret milling machine is one of the most versatile vertical milling machine used in mass production centers and requires certain features to perform effectively.

What is the operation different between turret and other vertical millers?

Turret millers are advancement to bed vertical milling machine. In the bed milling, the vertical spindle moves up and down while the table, which is attached to the knee, moves perpendicularly. In turret mill, the spindle is stationary and the table can be moved both up and down as well as sideways with respect to the spindle. Furthermore, this equipment allows the spindle to be raised and lowered by adjusting the quill and the whole spindle head can be turned to a particular angle(swivel) to effect angular cuts.

Performance requirement in mass production centers

Mass production centers are characterized by high repetitive works. A similar component is milled very many times. The mill to be used must therefore allow for different type of milling operation to be carried out upon setting the work piece. In this machine, the spindle can be raised, lowered, turned to any angle. In addition, the table has 2 axis movements in the X and Z direction. A combination of these movements enables a series of operations to be done within a short time. For example, straight faces, angular faces, slots, keyways and other operations can be performed on the same work piece after clamping. This saves time and cost of clamping and moving materials.

turret milling machine

Speed requirement in high production centers

The turret milling machine have a wide range of speed and this increases the quality and performance in mass production centers. The geared or Vee belt drives provide different spindle speeds to match different cutting speeds specified during the manufacturing process. Since the optimal cutting speed depends of material, surface finish, diameter, turrets with wide range of speeds are preferred.

Milling of inclined faces

Milling of angular faces and tapered solid materials is challenging in mass production centers. The turret mill qualifies in terms of performance as the spindle can be adjusted to any angle. This allows for milling and surfacing, angular edges and faces.

Versatility in high production centers

Universal Milling Machine

Vertical milling and horizontal milling are the most common milling. By swiveling the head of universal milling machine, it is possible to convert it from a vertical miller to the horizontal one. This is particular useful for jobs that require horizontal milling. Instead of using two machines, one machine can perform light duty horizontal milling.

Precision and accuracy

The accuracy of the milling operation is imperative in mass production centers. In this machine, precision and accuracy are guaranteed through micrometer scale adjustment on the quill to ensure that the height of spindle can be adjusted to the required height. The accurate movement of table, spindle and knee are adjusted through graduated reading on the knee crack lever, cross feed crank lever, longitudinal table feed lever, feed rate lever, spindle speed feed adjustment, as well as fine spindle speed adjustment lever.

Safety and control features

To operate effectively in mass manufacturing environment, the turret must be equipment with advance safety and control features. These include quill lock lever to prevent movement, feed direction control, easy T slot camping mechanisms, automatic and manual feed control, digital output, adjustments for knee, saddle and table, backlash adjustment and power feed tripping switch

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The Use of Drilling Machines in Education Institutions and R&D Facilities

Mahatma Ghadhi stated that “live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as is you were to live forever”. In this regard, tertiary education institution such as universities and colleges are always innovating and developing new solutions to current problems. Most popular research in mechanical and civil engineering involves developing new products, prototyping, materials testing.

Different types of drill equipments find immerse applications in training institutions as well as research and design centers.

Use in engineering education

Engineering training impart practical skills to students. Most engineers, technicians and plant operators are required to develop physical products as well as perform laboratory testing of some materials. Engineering institution must therefore have different types of these machines.

Students use radial drill to perform heavy duty boring on large work pieces. The radial and bench drill allows students to cut holes at different angles and depth with precision. Therefore, institutions training mechanical and civil engineering must have radial, pillar and bench drills to perform various operations during their practical sessions and in development of their projects.

Due to increased mass production, students are currently being trained on computerized drilling operations. This necessitates the use of CNC drilling machine. One major problem with conventional drills is the enormous time wasted when changing tools and aligning work piece. CNC overcome these difficulties and are therefore a must have equipment for all training institutions. CNC are suitable for high variable work piece, low volume, and unique jobs. They allow for quick work change and precision boring.

drilling machines in education institutions
Features of education drill machines

These devices are sturdy and able to withstand heavy loading and shock. They also come with extra features that allow students to understand the machine when using them.

In addition, they are manufactured to precision to enable the technicians and engineers bore materials perpendicularly and achieve the required accuracy and precision. The machine bed, clamping table, radial arm, pillar and base are heavy and machined to flatness and levelness.

These machine tools must also have extra safety features. They are specially designed for increased safety since trainees are not well qualified. They have an emergency stop button to stop the machine immediately. They also have safety guards that shield all moving parts to minimize accidents.

The CNCs used by education facilities is versatile with numerous functions that encompass drilling, shaping and some form of milling. They can get inputs from a computer drawing or from program and implement operations automatically.

Use of drilling machines in research and design

Mechanical engineering R&D is about developing new techniques and using better materials. The development of prototypes and models is a must in research before they are tested. These designs include; new engines, flywheels, gear boxes, transmission lines, hydraulic systems, pneumatic systems, car bodies, chassis, equipments, tools just to mention a few.

The development of these models before subsequent testing and redesign requires extensive drilling.   The types used in these labs have ultra high precision and their table, pillar, clamping set, and other marts must resist any bending in order to cut straight and perpendicular holes. Most R&D shops use CNC types due to its accuracy, functionality and ability to link 3 dimensional models to drill operation.

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Crucial Metalworking Projects and the Radial Drill Machines

It is impossible to execute crucial metalworking projects without the assistance of proper tools and equipment. One such machine utilized in a gamut of metalworking processes is the radial drill machines. The major principle behinds its functioning is quite simple. Radial drills find perfect application in drilling holes on surfaces of a particular material, which is a major requisite for some of the crucial metalworking processes. However, simple drills won’t prove to be of much use, when it boils down to ensuring the perfect drilling for various metalworkings. It is during those times that engineers feel the need for radial drilling.

Quite different from its other counterparts in the market, this particular type of drilling machine operates on a spindle with an arm. By swinging the arm of this particular tool relatively to its base, workers can operate on a larger surface area of work pieces. Now, there are several metalwork processes including casting, forgings, and weldments that require the assistance of this particular device. Moreover, depending upon the specific industrial requirements, there are various radial drilling tools available on the market. The choice of tool will depend on the respective processes performed with it.

What this article wishes to enumerate is the role of the radial drill in the crucial metal-casting projects. Breeze through the article, if you wish to have profound information on the topic.

Radial Drill Machines

Executing diverse casting techniques

Metal-casting happens to be one of the integral segments of metalwork. And this process includes several techniques such as centrifugal, investment, spin and die-casting.  None of these techniques can be executed without using the radial drilling mechanism. By utilizing this machine, it is possible to create castings of various diameters and thicknesses. The main benefit associated with the equipment is its rotatable arms. While working with this tool and creating castings, you can move the arm and lock it any specific position you deem fit.

Functions of the drill head

Another significant advantage of using this drilling device is the availability of the drilling head. There is no denying the importance of boring a hole in crucial casting projects. And it is the drilling head that makes it happen. Therefore, you must always choose the all-geared drill equipment to execute such crucial processes. One of the major components of this tool is its drill head that perfectly moves to and fro the column. As the most desired outcome, you can bore holes conveniently in the structure.

Choosing the tool

Perfect execution of a metal-casting project encompasses quite a few aspects. Firstly, there is a need for highly functional drilling device coupled with radial arms. Secondly, there are quite a few factors worth considering, before finalizing the purchase of the machine. Irrespective of your choice of the tool, you must plan your purchase from the leading suppliers.

Special features and specifications

Whether it is the all-geared ones you need or the semi-geared drilling device you require, there will never be a dearth of options with them. Some of the top advantages of planning your purchase from the top sellers are:

  • Highly durable products offering the perfect strength and support. The equipment supplied by them is uniquely manufactured with state-of-the-art technology.
  • Additionally, they render perfect assistance in the completion of crucial industrial casting processes. And its performance is hardly affected by adverse working conditions.
  • Finally, radial drills are available in a variety of specifications. Depending upon the specific metal-casting requirements, you can opt for the ones with 50, 60 and 40mm capacity.

There are several industrial projects that require drilling. And none other than the drilling tools with radial arms proves to be beneficial for them. Especially, when it comes to the successful completion of casting projects, there is nothing like the radial drill devices.

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Utilization of the CNC Lathe in Mining Operations

Mining operations are among the industries where lathe machining is of crucial importance. To maximize profitability innovative designs of the lathes have been developed by engineers to reduce machining time and increase efficiency. The flat bed and Slant bed lathes are such important innovations.

The flat bed versus the slant Bed CNC lathe

The flat bed CNC lathe machine is used for light to heavy machining. As the name suggests, the bed is flat or on a horizontal orientation .The work piece is accurately placed on the bench and rotated while the tool is stationery for machining to be done. The slant bed CNC has a sideways alignment so that a z-axis is developed during machining. Due to this alignment, the slant bed types are never able to achieve very high speeds during operation. The slant bed is also recommended for lighter operations. The stability of the flat bed CNC is also much higher than that of the slant types and has higher energy efficiency compared to the slant bed CNC.

Flat Bed CNC Lathe Machine

One main advantage of the slant bed CNC is that is much more user friendly in operation as compared to the flat bed type, as it has lesser controls and calibrations.

Development of the Slant Bed Lathes

The development of the slant bed was prompted by various factors in workshop design that were meant to enhance efficiency and space utilization. In an effort to better manage floor space, engineers discovered that slanting the X axis could result to an equipment that with more tool stations, and better access to the turret for easier mounting and removing tool holders. Thus the slant bed lathe was developed.

Special Application of the CNC Lathe in Mining Equipment

The mining industry is a heavily mechanized process involving many mechanical types of equipment. Equipments used in excavation include powerful shovels, excavators, draglines, bucket wheel excavators, and dredgers. Transportation of material uses hoists, winding engines and head frames. Other engines used include the Archimedes screw, beam engines, drilling rigs and loading equipments.

Mining equipments require constant repair due to excavation of hard surfaces. This process is heavy energy consuming and constant repair and maintenance is necessary.

Slant Bed CNC Lathe Machine

Importance of the CNC

Heavy-duty CNC lathe machines are a crucial support machine tool in mining for handling constant repairs and breakages. The automated CNC lathes with frequency controlled motors enable high speed machining of components and special applications in the mining process.

In heavy machining, this lathe can utilize the steel and carbide cutting tools for coarse and fine stock removal for different work pieces. The machine is also very suitable for rough and finishing of mining shafts as well as other parts.

Turning Efficiency between the Flat and Slant Bed CNC Lathe

Lean manufacturing requires very high precision and high turnover in the machining process. This is an important factor in the mining process. With the high level of automation in the slant bed lathe, users have recorded reduced cycle times and high efficiency. The automatic turret system in the slant bed and computer control enables the user to program the design and finish the work piece in a matter of minutes.

Conclusion

When aiming for efficiency and profitability in mining and industrial operation, use of automated technology is paramount. The CNC lathe machine enhances efficiency in extraction operations through rapid machining of special components like shafts, tool bits and parts requiring high precision.

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Middle East – Hike in Demand of Machine Tools

After a period of mild recession, there has been a recovery in the global demand of the machine tools. The rates of recovery have been different between various economies. According to research, the main economies such as Americas, China and Japan have shown marked improvement in machine tools demand towards the end of year 2014 and the trend has continued to the year 2015. Shorter-term forecasts from the Middle East have also showed increased demand. The global machinery production is also growing rapidly creating an increased demand for machine tools.

Factors leading to Increased Demand

Certain factors have contributed to successful development of the machine tools industry. One case study of the Indian subcontinent highlighted factors such as;

  • Supporting policies: Import substitution policy by the government has led to importation of technology and advancements in innovations through learning. Modification of imported ideas brought about self-reliance on technologies for local machinery and industrial development.
  • Development of learning infrastructure is another important factor supporting advancement of machine tools industry. This has been achieved through promotion and adequate facilitation of higher education institutions.

Industry specific factors for competitiveness include;

  • Availability of scientists and qualified engineers; the presence of a well-trained pool of staff has led to development of innovation and success in the machine tools industry.
  • Acquisition and utilization of external technology reduces the time cycle required for research and development of new products.

Demand of Machine Tools

Increased Demand

With the presence of many factors favoring the growth of the machine tools industry, the market forces have started reacting to developments in this sector. Local manufacturers’ in India now control approximately 33% of the domestic demand for machine tools and are geared towards hitting the 50% point.

The cumulative average growth rate figures for the machine tools now stands 15 percent for the next 5 years, hence there is need for increased production capacity for the machinery.

Expansion in manufacturing and industrial production has been a major factor in the hike in demand. Manufacturers aware of this trend have therefore focused on increasing production efficiency as well as better innovation.

Special emphasis on the computer numerical controls on machines has also led to increased competitiveness and thus more demand for the machines. CNC machines deliver more efficiency due to advantages such as easier transfer of designs from computer to machine, lower levels of human supervision and greater accuracy in machining.

Middle East as a global research and development Hub

The heavy investment in research and development over the last decade has made middle east a leader in innovation and technology. In the case of Indian subcontinent, there is a very high number of engineering graduates every year, combined with high number of technical institutions and excellent infrastructure.

Global industries have also set up research centers in the Middle East to tap this potential. This has brought about development of ideas and new concepts in machine tools and creation of high quality products.

The demand for machine tools in the Middle East continues to grow. The demand is driven by various factors mainly being increased manufacturing and production activities, innovation and continued research leading to development of high quality machine tools.

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Applications of Radial Drill in the Cement Processing

With increasing global innovation, industrial processing is becoming more and more efficient. Technology is an advancing engine of change and makes more technology possible. Advance processing systems in cement manufacturing is an embodiment of technology, which has also been reflected in the machine tools industry. The invention of the radial drill as supporting equipment in cement manufacturing enhanced efficiency and productivity in numerous ways.

Production Process

Production is through several stages before the product is realized. Various equipments are used in these processes. Two classes of raw materials are used in the manufacture process.

Lime containing raw material is combined with clay and clay resembling materials (shale, slag, bauxite, iron ore and silica) to form the final product. In efficient manufacturing 1.5 tons of raw material produces approximately 900 kgs of finished product. Manufacturing processes include;

Extraction of limestone

This is the process of dredging and digging out of the naturally occurring limestone. Explosives are used to dislodge the material, which is loaded on to trucks to the factory.

Radial Drill in the Cement Processing

Grinding

This is a process of size reduction through crushing machines. There is the primary crushing which reduces the bigger size rocks of limestone to smaller, softball sizes. These are then further reduced in size to approximately quarter inch particles.

Blending

The process of mixing all the required raw materials before final crushing is done. At this stage, chemical analysis is done for the raw materials to ensure a uniform high quality product is achieved.

Fine Grinding

This process can be done through the wet or the dry process. Wet processing is done when the clay portion of the raw material is very moist to make dry processing impossible. Material is passed through drums containing steel balls, which reduce the size of material to sand like particles. In wet processing, water is added to form thin mud. Material is then in burned in giant sized kilns to produce clinker.

In dry processing, the processes are similar, but water is not added to the blended material before firing.

Equipment Used in Production

The whole process of cement manufacture is automated. This is due to the huge volume of material used for economical production to be achieved. Equipments used include; vertical and rotary shaft kilns, clinker grinders, ball mills ,material handling machines, crushing equipments, bucket conveyors, motors and rollers. The machinery used depends on the level of automation that the manufacturer prefers.

Maintenance of Equipment in Cement Processing

Cement production is a heavy energy consuming process and therefore regular maintenance. Regular preventive maintenance ensures continued efficiency in large-scale operations and increased profitability. Maintenance practices include greasing, oiling, shafts machining, replacing worn out parts, and even cleaning.

Manufacturers usually have separate supporting workshops for emergency repairs and maintenance. Among the critical equipment, include radial drill, lathe machines, milling machines and fabrication equipments. The radial drill is particularly useful due to its ability to handle large work pieces during drilling operations, countersinks making and in some cases boring operations.

Conclusion

Cement manufacturing involves combination of clay and limestone materials through a series of stages of crushing, grinding and firing processes. Supporting workshops are installed with equipments such as the radial drills, lathes and fabrication equipment. These ensure preventive and emergency maintenances are done without interfering with efficiency of the system.

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